Nordtvet Farm Kindergarten / MORFEUS arkitekter
Location. Nordtvet Farm Kindergarten is positioned in northeastern Oslo, within the district of Kalbakken. The kindergarten is neighbor to, and interacts with, a farm that’s open to most people. The farm has a horseback-riding subject, a farmyard, and animals one can go to. Within the fast neighborhood, there may be additionally a public swimming pool and library, and house buildings.
The constructing because the third trainer. Academic analysis exhibits that youngsters’s studying and improvement processes happen in interplay with different youngsters, lecturers, and the bodily surroundings. The kindergarten can thus be seen as a ‘third trainer’ in keeping with the pedagogue Reggio Emilia strategy. Kind, gentle, colours, supplies, smells, sounds, and microclimate have due to this fact been vital parameters in the course of the design course of. The youngsters’s perspective has been paramount. We needed to enchantment to youngsters’s creativeness and understanding of the world and design a kindergarten the place the constructing itself is a mentor. The kindergarten ensures a protected surroundings for the youngsters. On the similar time, the kindergarten facilitates play, studying, and bodily exercise via spatial contexts the place gentle and shadow, and variation in room sizes, sounds, and smells create extraordinary locations. The constructing challenges the youngsters’s motoric expertise in addition to their skill to fantasize.
Adaptation to put. The kindergarten adapts to the environment by having a farm-like character. The architectonic expression is a wood quantity raised on columns, which may give associations to a standard Norwegian ‘stabbur’ (the standard Norwegian granary on farms). Not like the ‘stabbur’ although, rooms on the bottom ground are enclosed with glass. This ensures shiny and clear interiors and views towards exterior play areas, the farm, and its animals. The second ground of the kindergarten is a steady wood roof. The roof quantity is damaged up right into a collection of gabled rooves that contribute to an architectonic relation with the farm buildings. The assembly between the fairly common floor ground plan, and the irregular wood roof, type a collection of various rooms inside and a really diversified part. A pathway traverses the roof and varieties a collection of small and huge out of doors areas. These areas facilitate areas for youngsters to remain and play. The roof space thus turns into part of the kindergarten’s play areas.
Sustainable wood constructing. The kindergarten is constructed in huge wooden utilizing cross-laminated timber (CLT). 3D-based pre-cut fabrication has eased the belief of a constructing with complicated geometry and diversified room sequence. The load-bearing building and inside partitions are constructed utilizing CLT. The continual glass façade on the primary ground provides the kindergarten a clear character and creates good visible contact between the inside and exterior.
Home windows with translucent glass are utilized in sure areas to make sure privateness and restrict undesirable photo voltaic warmth achieve. Norwegian Ore-pine is used to clad all exterior partitions. Daylight and passive photo voltaic heating are nicely utilized. Giant window surfaces cut back the necessity for synthetic lighting in the course of the day, and heat from the solar is absorbed and saved within the concrete flooring and CLT partitions, lowering the general power consumption. The kindergarten is related to Oslo’s municipal heating system. The constructing has environment friendly space utilization and is on the similar time skilled as spacious because of the nice variation in ceiling peak and intensive use of enormous window surfaces.
Inside. Inside surfaces are cross-laminated timber other than a number of partitions in moist areas and partitions within the basement. This makes the kindergarten strong, with an excellent inside local weather and ambiance. Uncovered strong wooden provides the nursery a nice indoor local weather whereas making a heat and homely really feel. New analysis exhibits that youngsters’s coronary heart fee is decrease in wood buildings. Moreover, wooden is sturdy and might stand up to nails, crayons, and mechanical stress, whereas getting old with dignity.
Exterior. Out of doors areas have been given a pure character. Current vegetation is retained and pure supplies like grass, bark, and gravel are used on all surfaces, together with pathways and playground surfaces. The outside is freed from each plastic and asphalt. Out of doors areas are organized and subdivided into zones in order that completely different actions can happen concurrently, together with hiding locations the place youngsters can have an expertise of play unobserved by adults, and locations to domesticate meals and have a tendency to animals equivalent to chickens and rabbits. Social interplay. The kindergarten’s out of doors areas are open to the general public exterior of the kindergarten’s opening hours. The design and availability have ensured that the kindergarten works as a preferred public city house, and it has develop into a preferred social assembly place within the neighborhood. On the similar time residents of the native neighborhood sense fellow possession and contribute to taking excellent care of the place.